AUDITING STANDARDS Definition

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AUDITING STANDARDS provide minimum guidance for the auditor that helps determine the extent of audit steps and procedures that should be applied to fulfill the audit objective. They are the criteria or yardsticks against which the quality of the audit results are evaluated.

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NEGATIVE CASH FLOW is where expenditures required to maintain an investment exceed income received on the investment, i.e. spending in a business is greater than earnings.

PENNY STOCKS are those securities that are not listed on a national securities exchange and are priced under $5. There are exclusions for securities of issuers that have net tangible assets greater than $2 million if they have been in operation at least three years or greater than $5 million if in operation less than three years. Securities of issuers with average revenue of at least $6 million for the last three years are also not considered penny stocks. For a complete definition of a Penny Stock, see SEC Rule 3a51-1. OTCBB securities are considered penny stocks unless they qualify for one of the exclusions.

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