AUTHORIZED CAPITAL STOCK Definition

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AUTHORIZED CAPITAL STOCK is the maximum number of shares of common stock that can be issued under a companys Articles of Incorporation. Issued shares are normally less than the number of authorized shares.

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COST PER OUTCOME links the unit-level economics of an operation with the impact that the organization wishes to have. For example, a nonprofit that delivers meals to the elderly might measure its impact by the number of meals served. To arrive at its cost per outcome, therefore, it would divide the full cost of its meals program by the number of meals it serves.

SAFETY STOCK (SS) or security stock ensures that the item is available up to the pre-defined required service level, even when the re-ordered material arrives later then expected, or the fluctuations in demand during the lead-time cause the demand to be larger then expected. See also STOCK RESERVE.

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