AUTOMATED MANIFEST SYSTEM (AMS) is a multi-modular cargo inventory control and release notification system. AMS is the electronic system allowing a manifest inventory to be transmitted to the US Customs Service data center by carrier, port authority or service center computers. AMS interfaces directly with Customs Cargo Selectivity and In-Bond systems, and indirectly with ABI, allowing faster identification and release of low risk shipments.
POLITICAL COSTS HYPOTHESIS predicts that firms with low agency and political costs and effective shareholders monitoring will distribute cash dividend and those with moderate agency and political costs may use stock dividends in lieu of cash dividends to separate themselves from firms having high agency and political costs. This indicates that cash dividend firms will face better long-term stock market valuation of their shares than stock dividend firms.
GREENMAIL, in the U.S., payment by a takeover target to a potential bidder, usually to buy back acquired shares at a premium - in return for the predator not pursuing the bid.
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