BALANCE OF PAYMENTS / BALANCE OF TRADE Definition

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BALANCE OF PAYMENTS / BALANCE OF TRADE is the difference between a countrys total export dollar value and its total import dollar value, generally or with respect to a particular trading partner. A positive balance means a net inflow of capital, while a negative means capital flows out of the country.

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REGULAR SETTLEMENT is 1) For short-term or U.S. Trea­sury securities, the settlement, or payment and delivery, is the next business day after the trade date. 2) For cor­porate notes, bonds and municipal securities, settlement is in five business days. 3) For mortgage-backed securities, settlement is after the 15th of the month. 4) For Euro­dollar Certificates of Deposit, settlement is two business days after the trade date. Also known as "Regular Way.'

CUSTOMER ACQUISITION COST is calculated by dividing total acquisition expenses by total new customers. However, there are different opinions on what constitutes an acquisition expense, e.g. rebates and special discounts do not represent an actual cash outlay, yet they have an impact on cash (and, presumably, on the customer). There is no set standard, i.e. acquisition costs vary across industries. When acquisition data is available, it is best to try to determine if you are comparing apples to apples. This is not easy, as customer acquisition data is usually scarce and the methodology is often questionable.

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