BALLOON PAYMENT is a final loan payment that is considerably higher than prior regular payments, in order to pay off the loan.
INVENTORY AND PURCHASES BUDGET represents what a business plans to buy and how much inventory it intends to hold over a given timeframe, is based on three factors: a business' desired ending inventory, cost of goods sold, and beginning inventory. A business's desired ending inventory will drive that business' budgeted purchases over a given period of time. A larger desired ending inventory will typically lead to a larger Purchases Budget and vice-versa. While the Purchases Budget, a component of the Inventory and Purchases Budget, represents an estimate of future purchases, this is an accrual-based accounting figure, and it is the Disbursements for Purchases Budget (another component of the Inventory and Purchases Budget) that drives a company's cash flows.
REALIZED GAIN/LOSS, in securities, is a capital gain or loss on securities held in a portfolio that has become actual by the sale or other type of surrender of one or many securities. See also CAPITAL GAIN.
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