BASE CAPITAL Definition
BASE CAPITAL includes (1) shares that (a) are non-cumulative, non-retractable, non-redeemable and, if convertible, are only convertible into common shares, and (b) have been issued and paid for; base capital also includes (2) contributed surplus, and (3) retained earnings.
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4 Cs OF CREDIT are the four primary considerations that will affect a lenders decision to approve or decline your loan application. Known as the 4 C's of credit:
- Capacity - what is your ability to repay the loan? Do you have a job or another income source? Do you have other debts?
- Character - will you repay the loan? Have you used credit before? Do you pay your bills on time?
- Collateral - if you fail to repay your loan, is there something of value that you agree to forfeit? For example, if you are buying your first car, it could be used as collateral to insure that you will repay the loan. If you default, you lose your car.
- Capital (accumulation) - what are you worth? Do you have other assets, such as a savings account, car, or certificate of deposit that could be used to repay the debt?
NOMINAL VALUE is the par, or face, value of something e.g. a share issue.
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