BELOW THE LINE, in accounting, denotes credits or debits affecting balance sheet accounts rather than the income statement. Extraordinary items may also appear below the net profit line in the income statement, but accounting standards-setters have increasingly favored reflecting most such items in periodic net income.
OFF THE BOOKS is a term associated with transactions which do not appear in any of the financial records kept by a business. Strictly speaking, 'off the books' implies cash payments received for assets (products and services) which are not officially recorded in the accounting system of the business.
MUNICIPAL BOND is the general category of securities issued by public entities. Interest income received by investors is usually exempt from federal income taxes.
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