BOND RATING is a measure of credit quality ranging from AAA to D by bond rating services such as Moody's, Standard & Poor's or Fitch's. Bonds rated BB+ or lower by Standard & Poor's or Ba1 or lower by Moody's are not investment grade.
THEME is a descriptive statement representing a major component of a strategy, as articulated at the highest level in the Vision. Most strategies can be represented in 3-5 themes. Themes are most often drawn from an organization’s internal processes or the customer value proposition, but may also be drawn from key financial goals. The key is that themes represent vertically linked groupings of objectives across several scorecard perspectives (at a minimum, Customer and Internal). Themes are often stated as catchy phrases or “buzz” words that are easy for the organization to remember and internalize. Example: “Top Innovator,” “Customer Intimate,” “Operationally Excellent” “Processes/Tools,” “Thinking,” “Content,” “Pipeline” (I/T Organization).
STOCKTAKING is the process of counting and evaluating stock-in-trade, usually at an organizations year end in order to value the total stock for preparation of the accounts. In more sophisticated organizations, in which permanent stock records are maintained, stock is counted on a random basis throughout the year to compare quantities counted with the quantities that appear in the, usually, computerized records.
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