BOOKKEEPING is the art, practice, or labor involved in the systematic recording of the transactions affecting a business.
REPLACEMENT VALUE CONCEPT, in insurance, is loss coverage for assets at the cost required to purchase like assets at market value. The replacement value concept eliminates the often troublesome factor of used or depreciated value when claims for losses are adjusted.
DISCLOSURE PRINCIPLE states that any and all information that affects the full understanding of a companys financial statements must be include with the financial statements. Some items may not affect the ledger accounts directly. These would be included in the form of accompanying notes. Examples of such items are outstanding lawsuits, tax disputes, and company takeovers.
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