BUDGET is an itemized listing of the amount of all estimated revenue which a given business anticipates receiving, along with a listing of the amount of all estimated costs and expenses that will be incurred in obtaining the above mentioned income during a given period of time. A budget is typically for one business cycle, such as a year, or for several cycles (such as a five year capital budget). Of the many kinds of budgets, a CASH BUDGET shows CASH FLOW, an EXPENSE BUDGET lists expected payments of money, and a CAPITAL BUDGET shows the anticipated payments for CAPITAL ASSETS. See FORECAST, PROJECTION.
CONTRIBUTION MARGIN PER UNIT, also known as dollar contribution margin per unit, is the selling price per unit minus the variable cost per unit. The "contribution" represents that portion of sales revenue that is not consumed by variable cost, thereby contributing to the coverage of fixed cost.
DIRECT LABOR is work performed by individuals which is directly related to a specific cost objective. This work is readily identifiable with a particular product or service.
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