BUDGET Definition

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BUDGET is an itemized listing of the amount of all estimated revenue which a given business anticipates receiving, along with a listing of the amount of all estimated costs and expenses that will be incurred in obtaining the above mentioned income during a given period of time. A budget is typically for one business cycle, such as a year, or for several cycles (such as a five year capital budget). Of the many kinds of budgets, a CASH BUDGET shows CASH FLOW, an EXPENSE BUDGET lists expected payments of money, and a CAPITAL BUDGET shows the anticipated payments for CAPITAL ASSETS. See FORECAST, PROJECTION.

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FULL COSTING see ABSORPTION COSTING.

NONREFUNDABLE BOND is a bond issue that cannot be redeemed for a stated period of time using the proceeds from a new, lower-cost issue to finance the refunding. The bond can still be called without a refunding, but the company must use internal capital or equity funds to retire the issue. This provides some protection to the bondholder if interest rates decline significantly.

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