CALL PROVISION is a. a provision of a bond or preferred stock issue, listed in its indenture (the formal agreement between the bond issuer and the holder) that allows the issuer to redeem the bond before the maturity date either at par or at a premium to par; or, b. a clause in a mortgage giving the lender the right to demand and receive payment of the balance of the unpaid principal in full under certain conditions. A call provision is similar to an acceleration clause.
LEMON is a. an investment with a poor or negative rate of return or a purchase made where the product has continuing problems, e.g. a lemon of an automobile; or, b. an asset that is in continual need of repair, e.g. an automobile can be referred to as a lemon.
HISTORICAL COST ACCOUNTING is an accounting principle requiring all financial statement items to be based on original cost. It is usually based upon the dollar amount originally exchanged in an arms-length transaction; an amount assumed to reflect the fair market value of an item at the transaction date.
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