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CAPITAL ADEQUACY is a measure of the financial strength of a bank or securities firm, usually expressed as a ratio of its capital to its assets. For banks, there is now a worldwide capital adequacy standard, drawn up by the Basle Committee of the Bank for International Settlements. This ratio requires banks to have capital equal to 8 per cent of their assets.


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CROSS-ACCOUNTING is non-cash payment through the delivery of goods or services to satisfy a liability; a very common practice between subsidiaries of a company. See IN-KIND.

ISSUE, in securities, is stock or bonds sold by a corporation or a government; or, the selling of new securities by a corporation or government through an underwriter or private placement.

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