CAPITAL ADEQUACY is a measure of the financial strength of a bank or securities firm, usually expressed as a ratio of its capital to its assets. For banks, there is now a worldwide capital adequacy standard, drawn up by the Basle Committee of the Bank for International Settlements. This ratio requires banks to have capital equal to 8 per cent of their assets.
MATERIAL CONTROL normally refers to the department responsible for the proactive control of materials within a manufacturing environment: Do procedures exist for storage, release, and movement of material? Are materials in stores identified and controlled? Are in-process materials identified and controlled? Are materials in inspection identified and controlled? Do storage areas and facilities provide control to protect material from degradation? Are nonconforming items identified, segregated and controlled?
CONCENTRATION RISK is the risk that an investor will suffer from lack of diversification, investing too heavily in one industry, one geographic area or one type of security.
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