CAPITAL Definition

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CAPITAL, in economics, can mean: factories, machines, and other man-made inputs into a production process. In finance, capital is money and other property of a corporation or other enterprise used in transacting the business.

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ECONOMIC ENTITY accounting concept that provides context or 'point of view' for the economic events (i.e., transactions) captured by the financial statements. In short, it answers the questions, 'Whose asset is it?'; 'Whose liability is it?'

FRESH START ACCOUNTING, upon emergence from bankruptcy, the consolidated financial statements of the "Successor Company" apply the provisions of fresh start accounting in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP). Under fresh start accounting, a new reporting entity, the 'Successor Company', is deemed to be created, and the recorded amounts of assets and liabilities are adjusted to reflect their fair value. As a result, the reported historical financial statements of the 'Predecessor Company' generally are not comparable to those of the "Successor Company".

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