CAPITAL INTENSIVE is used to describe industries or sectors of the economy that require large investments in capital assets to produce their goods, such as the automobile industry. These firms require large profit margins and/or low costs of borrowing to survive.
DECLINING-BALANCE DEPRECIATION METHOD is an accelerated depreciation method in which an assets book value is multiplied by a constant depreciation rate (such as double the straight-line percentage, in the case of double-declining-balance.). This depreciation method is allowed by the U.S. tax code and gives a larger depreciation in the early years of an asset. Unlike the straight line and the sum of the digits methods, both of which use the original basis to calculate the depreciation each year, the double declining balance uses a fixed percentage of the prior years basis to calculate depreciation. The percentage rate is 2/N where N is the life of the asset. With this method, the basis never becomes zero. Consequently, it is standard practice to switch to another depreciation method as the basis decreases. Usually the taxpayer will convert to the straight line method when the annual depreciation from the declining balance becomes less than the straight line.
BANK WIRE is an electronic message network developed by an association of banks to communicate information between members of the association. It speeds and facilitates the transfer of funds and reporting of security transactions, quotes the payment and nonpayment of items and gives credit information on individuals and organizations. Unlike the Fed Wire System, it is not used to send actual payments, but rather to inform banks in the association about the movement of certain funds affecting a particular bank's account.
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