CAPITAL MAINTENANCE contains two concepts, a financial concept and a physical concept. Most entities adopt a financial concept of capital maintenance. Under this concept a profit is earned only if the monetary amount of net assets at the end of the period, excluding distributions/contributions to/from owners, exceeds the monetary amount of net assets at the beginning of the period. Financial capital maintenance is usually measured in monetary units; however, the requirement to report the impact of hyperinflation results in the measurement of assets and liabilities in monetary units of constant purchasing power.
DISTRIBUTION TO OWNERS is payment of earnings to owners of a business organization in the form of a dividend. A dividend is a distribution to a corporations stockholders usually in cash; sometimes in the corporations stock and much less frequently in property (usually other securities).
UNIDENTIFIED CASH RECEIPTS is normally a temporary holding (suspense) account in which funds received but not yet identified as to which account receivable the amount should be properly assigned to are posted.
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