CAPITAL MAINTENANCE Definition

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CAPITAL MAINTENANCE contains two concepts, a financial concept and a physical concept. Most entities adopt a financial concept of capital maintenance. Under this concept a profit is earned only if the monetary amount of net assets at the end of the period, excluding distributions/contributions to/from owners, exceeds the monetary amount of net assets at the beginning of the period. Financial capital maintenance is usually measured in monetary units; however, the requirement to report the impact of hyperinflation results in the measurement of assets and liabilities in monetary units of constant purchasing power.

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DISTRIBUTION TO OWNERS is payment of earnings to owners of a business organization in the form of a dividend. A dividend is a distribution to a corporations stockholders usually in cash; sometimes in the corporations stock and much less frequently in property (usually other securities).

UNIDENTIFIED CASH RECEIPTS is normally a temporary holding (suspense) account in which funds received but not yet identified as to which account receivable the amount should be properly assigned to are posted.

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