CASH FLOW PER SHARE is a good measure of a firm's financial strength. Analysts put more weight on cash flow per share than earnings per share because EPS is more easily manipulated, its reliability can at times be questionable. Cash is almost impossible to falsify, i.e. you either have cash or you don't. Cash flow per share is a useful measure for the strength of a firm and the sustainability of its business model. The formula:
CASH RATIO is a refinement to the QUICK RATIO. It is the ratio of cash and marketable securities to current liabilities. The CASH RATIO indicates the extent to which liabilities could be liquidated immediately. Sometimes called LIQUIDITY RATIO.
OVERTRADING, in securities, is: a. excessive buying and selling by a broker in a discretionary account, or, b. practice of a member of an underwriting group inducing a brokerage client to buy a portion of a new issue by purchasing other securities from the client at a premium. In finance, it is when a firm expands sales beyond a level that can be financed with normal working capital.
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