CIF (COST, INSURANCE AND FREIGHT) is a shipment where all shipping costs are paid by the exporter, including insurance.
VERTICAL INTEGRATION is the extent to which a firm owns its upstream suppliers and its downstream buyers. Control upstream is referred to as backward integration (towards suppliers of raw material), while control of activities downstream (towards the eventual buyer) is referred to as forward integration.
CONSOLIDATED CAPITAL is the value of all money and other assets, on a consolidated basis, used directly in business operations.
Enter a term, then click the entry you would like to view.