CLAIMS OUTSTANDING, in general, is the difference between claims against assets (liabilities) and claims settled/paid. Within the insurance industry it would be the difference between insurance claims filed and claims settled/paid.
SECURITIES FRAUD, in most cases, is nothing more than stealing. Federal and state securities laws contain more technical definitions. But when investors are enticed into purchasing security instruments based on untrue data, statements or promises, it is securities fraud.
LODGEMENT, in law, is bringing a legal charge or accusation against someone.
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