CLASSIFICATION, generally, is the act of distributing things into classes or categories of the same type. In accounting, there are many ways to classify information, e.g. assets, liabilities or equity and the many subsets to those three classifications.
VALUE STOCK is a stock that trades at a lower price relative to its fundamentals (i.e. earnings, dividends, sales, etc.) thereby being considered undervalued by a value investor. Common characteristics of such stocks include a high dividend yield, low price-to-book ratio and/or low price-to-earnings ratio.
DETECTION RISK is the risk that audit procedures will lead to a conclusion that material error does not exist when in fact such error does exist.
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