CLEARING is the process of reporting a trade to ACT for comparison of the details of the transaction between brokers prior to final settlement; the final exchange of securities for cash on delivery. Clearing operations, such as the National Securities Clearing Corporation (NSCC), facilitate the validation, delivery, and settlement of securities transactions. Trades are either reported by the broker to the clearing corporation directly or through a third party, usually another brokerage firm if a broker does not have a direct relationship with a clearing corporation.
INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL REPORTING STANDARDS (IFRS), often known by the older name of International Accounting Standards (IAS), are a set of accounting standards. They are issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB).
M1 is the narrowest measure of the U.S. money supply; includes currency in circulation plus demand deposits (checking account balances).
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