CLEARING is the process of reporting a trade to ACT for comparison of the details of the transaction between brokers prior to final settlement; the final exchange of securities for cash on delivery. Clearing operations, such as the National Securities Clearing Corporation (NSCC), facilitate the validation, delivery, and settlement of securities transactions. Trades are either reported by the broker to the clearing corporation directly or through a third party, usually another brokerage firm if a broker does not have a direct relationship with a clearing corporation.
COST BASIS, in securities, is the purchase price after commissions or other expenses. It is used to calculate capital gains or losses when the security is eventually sold.
NEGLIGENCE is the omission to do something which a reasonable man, guided by those ordinary considerations which ordinarily regulate human affairs, would do, or the doing of something which a reasonable and prudent man would not do.
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