COLLECTION PERIOD (Period Average) is used to appraise accounts receivable (AR). This ratio measures the length of time it takes to convert your average sales into cash. This measurement defines the relationship between accounts receivable and cash flow. A longer average collection period requires a higher investment in accounts receivable. A higher investment in accounts receivable means less cash is available to cover cash outflows, such as paying bills. NOTE: Comparing the two COLLECTION PERIOD ratios (Period Average and Period End) suggests the direction in which AR collections are moving, thereby giving an indication as to potential impacts to cash flow. Formula: ((AR (current) + AR (period ago)/2) / (Net Revenue / 365)
COMPARE / COMPARISON is an audit procedure where an auditor observes similarities and differences between items such as an account from one year to the next.
OPEN BALANCE EQUITY is an account that is automatically created by QuickBooks whenever a company is created. It is an equity account similar to Retained Earnings or Owner Capital. The Open Balance Equity account is basically a "plug" account used by QuickBooks to balance a transaction (basic accounting debits=credits). QuickBooks will enter a balance in the Open Balance Equity account for two reasons: beginning account balances or forced adjustments.
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