COMMON SIZE ANALYSIS, as used in vertical analysis of financial statements, an item is used as a base value and all other accounts in the financial statement are compared to this base value. On the balance sheet, total assets equal 100% and each asset is stated as a percentage of total assets. Similarly, total liabilities and stockholders equity are assigned 100%, with a given liability or equity account stated as a percentage of total liabilities and stockholders equity. On the income statement, 100% is assigned to net sales, with all revenue and expense accounts then related to it in percentages. See COMMON SIZED PERCENTAGES.
CAPITAL REDEMPTION RESERVE, in Great Britain, the S170 Companies Act 1985 provides that where shares of a company are redeemed or purchased wholly out of the company's profits, or by a fresh issue the amount by which the company's issued share capital is diminished on cancellation of the shares shall be transferred to a reserve called the 'capital redemption reserve'. It also provides that the reduction of the company's share capital shall be treated as if the capital redemption reserve were paid up capital of the company.
FUNDS EMPLOYED, normally, is the average of Net Working Capital plus Fixed Assets held at the beginning and end of the financial year.
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