COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE exists when the firm is able to deliver the same benefits as competitors but at a lower cost (cost advantage), or deliver benefits that exceed those of competing products (differentiation advantage). Thus, a competitive advantage enables the firm to create superior value for its customers and superior profits for itself. See also SUSTAINABLE COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE.
JIT see JUST-IN-TIME.
IMPLICIT RATE OF INTEREST is when the stated interest rate is not indicative of the market rate at the time a note is negotiated, the value of the asset (cash or non-cash) or service exchanged for the note establishes the market rate.
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