CONSUMPTION SMOOTHING is aimed at protecting consumption patterns from the impact of shocks, and can take effect either before or after their occurrence. Post-shock responses include modifying consumption, raising income by mobilizing labor or selling assets, drawing on informal or formal sources of savings, or activating claims on informal insurance mechanisms.
COVERAGE RATIO is a measure of a corporations ability to meet a certain type of expense. In general, a high coverage ratio indicates a better ability to meet the expense in question. Examples: dividend coverage, fixed-charge coverage, interest coverage, preferred dividend coverage.
OTHER OTC see NON-BULLETIN BOARD.
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