CONTINENTAL MODEL is an accounting model. There are other accounting systems which differ from the U.S. accounting model. U.S. GAAP and FASB standards are not the only accounting principles used internationally; for example, many countries reverse the U.S. debit and credit system. Many countries with high rates of inflation account for inflation in financial reports much more than the U.S. does. Also, for any company operating internationally there is the currency exchange translation problem when consolidating financial statements.
DEFICIT is a debit balance in the Retained Earnings account resulting from accumulated losses.
RUBLE (ROUBLE, RUBLEI) is a currency of Russia, Tajikistan, Tatarstan, and Transnistria.
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