CONTRA ACCOUNT Definition

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CONTRA ACCOUNT is a. the reduction to the gross cost of an asset to arrive at the net cost; also known as a valuation allowance; e.g., accumulated depreciation is a contra account to the original cost of a fixed asset to arrive at the book value; or, b. reduction of a liability to arrive at its carrying value; e.g., bond discount, which is a reduction of bonds payable.

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IRRELEVANT COST, in managerial accounting decision-making situations, is any positive or negative implications phenomenon which is not consequent upon the production process, whether it is denominated in money terms or not.

REPORTABLE SEGMENT is a business segment or geographical segment for which IAS 14 requires segment information to be reported.

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