CONTRIBUTED SURPLUS Definition

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CONTRIBUTED SURPLUS is money a company receives by selling shares above par value or their stated value, or from government donation of land to the company, etc. Contributed Surplus is a balance sheet item that is part of the shareholders' equity.

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OVERSOLD is the state of the market when much more selling occurs than is warranted by market conditions. If investors and speculators sell large amounts of securi­ties, including short sales, over a period of time, at some point the market will become oversold and buying is likely to increase. Depending upon the degree of buying, prices will either stop falling or will rise. A rise in prices under these conditions is known as a technical rally.

PAYROLL, dependent upon usage, can mean a. the total amount of money paid in wages; b. a list of employees and their salaries; or, c. the department that determines the amounts of wage or salary due to each employee.

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