CONTROL DEFICIENCIES exist when the design or operation of a control does not allow employees, in their assigned functions, to prevent or detect misstatements on a timely basis.
UNDERWATER, in securities, is securities held in a portfolio with an unrealized market loss. Selling them would mean realizing the loss and, according to statutory accounting, a reduction in policyholders' surplus.
DISCOUNTED CASH FLOW is a valuation method best used to evaluate a business established for the purpose of fulfilling a specific project, in certain startup and other companies where cash flow is more important than net income, and when a certain time frame is set where an investor wishes to see his investment returned over a specific period of time. In discounted cash flow, the present value of liabilities is subtracted from the combined present value of cash flow and tangible assets, which determines the value of the business.
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