CONTROLLER is usually an experienced accountant who directs internal accounting processes and procedures, including cost accounting.
AVAL is a term meaning inseparable from the financial instrument. This gives a guarantee and is abstracted from the performance of the underlying trade contract: Article 31 of the 1930 Geneva Convention of the Bills Of Exchange states that the aval can be written on the bill itself or on an allonge. US Banks are prohibited from avalizing drafts.
OVERSOLD is the state of the market when much more selling occurs than is warranted by market conditions. If investors and speculators sell large amounts of securities, including short sales, over a period of time, at some point the market will become oversold and buying is likely to increase. Depending upon the degree of buying, prices will either stop falling or will rise. A rise in prices under these conditions is known as a technical rally.
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