CONVERTIBLE CURRENCY is any national currency that can be easily exchanged for that of another country.
CONTRACT LAW is that body of law which regulates the enforcement of contracts. Contract law has its origins thousands of years ago as the early civilizations began to trade with each other, a legal system was created to support and to facilitate that trade. The English and French developed similar contract law systems, both referring extensively to old Roman contract law principles such as consensus ad idem or caveat emptor. There are some minor differences on points of detail such as the English law requirement that every contract contain consideration. More and more states are changing their laws to eliminate consideration as a prerequisite to a valid contract thus contributing to the uniformity of law. Contract law is the basis of all commercial dealings from buying a bus ticket to trading on the stock market.
ACCOUNTING TREATEMENT is the methods, processes and decisions as to any given accounting decision as to how a transaction is to be or is handled in compliance to GAAP and all applicable statutes.
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