COST OBJECT Definition

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COST OBJECT is anything for which cost data is desired, e.g., products, product lines, customers, jobs, and organizational sub-units such as departments or divisions of a company.

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MARKET ORIENTATION is the business philosophy and approach to focusing on the customer's needs and wants, both stated and hidden, and satisfying them with proprietary or purchased products and services.

EARNINGS PER SHARE (EPS) is either: a. Basic EPS is earnings before extraordinary gains and losses, less preferred-share dividends, divided by all common shares outstanding at the most recent fiscal year end. Net income, or earnings, refers to the companys after-tax profits before extraordinary gains or extraordinary losses for the most recent annual period; or, b. Diluted EPS is where the number of shares used in the calculation is increased to account for outstanding dilution such as options, warrants, in-the-money convertibles, etc. EPS, within a firm that has a sustainable competitive advantage, Should show a minimum of 5-years of their EPS trending strongly upward with consistency and without being erratic.

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