COST OVERRUN is the amount by which an entity exceeds or expects to exceed the estimated cost to completion of: a. a product; b. a process; or, c. the final limitations of costs stipulated in a contract.

SENIOR DEBT/NOTE are loans or debt securities that have a claim prior to junior obligations and equity on a corporation's assets in the event of a liquidation.

DEDUCTIVE ACCOUNTING THEORY (mathematical method) assumes that optimal accounting standards and reporting rules can be derived by deduction much in the way that Pythagoras derived the rule for measuring the hypotenuse of a triangle based upon square root of the summed squares of the other two sides (assuming one angle is a perfect 90-degree angle).

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