CURRENCY TRANSLATION see FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSLATION.
PERSONAL EQUITY PLAN (PEP) was an investment plan in the U.K. that used to allow people over the age of 18 to invest in shares of U.K. companies. The plan encouraged investment by individuals. Discontinued in 1999, it was replaced by Individual Savings Accounts (ISA). It was done through an approved plan, qualifying unit trust, or investment trust. Investors received both income and capital gains free of tax.
SUSTAINABLE GROWTH RATE (SGR) shows how fast a company can grow using internally generated assets without issuing additional debt or equity. SGR provides a useful benchmark for judging a companys appropriate rate of growth. A company with a low sustainable growth rate but lots of opportunities for expansion will have to fund that growth via outside sources, which could lower profits and perhaps strain the companys finances. Growth can be a major dilemma because with growth comes a spontaneously generated need for increased working capital. VentureLine calculates a Sustainable Growth Rate from the data entered into the Income Statement and Balance Sheet. The Sustainable Growth Rate is the rate at which the firm may grow the Stockholders Equity Account (Net Worth) using only increases in Retained Earnings (Net Profits contribution to retained earnings) to fund the growth. Growth beyond this amount will force the firm to obtain additional financing from external sources to finance growth. Formula: SGR = (Asset Turnover) x (After Tax Revenue on Sales) x (Assets / Debt) x (Debt / Equity) x (Fraction of Earnings Retained)
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