CURRENT PORTION OF LONG-TERM DEBT is only that portion of long-term obligations (payable in more than one year) which are owed and payable in the current year; e.g. the portion of a five-year loan or lease that is due in the current calendar/fiscal year.
HIGH-LOW METHOD of approximating cost behavior considers only two points of data, the highest and lowest, for activity within the relevant range. The method first focuses on cost changes, allowing an analyst to determine the presence of any variable cost. Next, fixed costs are determined by subtracting variable cost from the total cost at either of the two data points. The calculation is an algebraic procedure used to separate a semi-variable cost into the variable and fixed components. The method calls for using the extreme data points (highest and lowest x - y pairs) in the COST-VOLUME FORMULA y = a + bx; where a = fixed cost portion and b = the variable rate.
BRETTON WOODS is the site in New Hampshire, U.S., of an international conference in 1944 which resulted in the establishment of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund.
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