CUSIP NUMBER is a unique nine-character alpha/numeric code assigned to a security by Standard & Poor's Corporation, which appears on the face of each certificate. The primary use of the number is to expedite the clearance and settlement process.
TAX EQUIVALENT YIELD is the yield that must be offered before factoring in taxes so that an investment pays off a certain after-tax yield. This measure is often necessary to compare taxable and tax-free investments, since tax-free issues tend to have lower pre-tax yields due to the fact that the investments proceeds will not be reduced by taxes. Tax equivalent yield is equal to required after-tax yield divided by (1 minus the tax rate).
OPERATING RATIO measures a firms operating efficiency; calculated: company operating expenses divided by its operating revenues.
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