DAYS PAYABLE OUTSTANDING (DPO) is an estimate of the length of time the company takes to pay its vendors after receiving inventory. If the firm receives favorable terms from suppliers, it has the net effect of providing the firm with free financing. If terms are reduced and the company is forced to pay at the time of receipt of goods, it reduces financing by the trade and increases the firms working capital requirements. It is calculated: Days Payable Outstanding = 365 / Payables Turnover (Payables Turnover = Purchases / Payables).
INTEREST COVERAGE is a ratio which indicates the ability of a company to cover net interest expenses with income before net interest and taxes. It is calculated by dividing income before interest and taxes by interest.
LEVIED is a charge imposed and collected.
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