DEBT COVERAGE RATIO is the ratio between the net income of an investment and the amount of debt service of the investment: expressed as (NOI / DS = DCR), i.e. it is the relationship of net operating income divided by annual debt service.
FUNCTIONAL-BASED ACCOUNTING focuses on organizational units such as departments and plants, uses financial outcome measures and static standards and benchmarks to evaluate performance, and emphasizes status quo and organizational stability. On the other hand, activity-based accounting focuses on processes, uses both operational and financial measures and dynamic standards, and emphasizes and supports continuous improvement. Activity-based accounting adds a process perspective.
RUNNING TOTAL is the sum of any given set of numbers that is incremented/decremented as additional numbers become available over time. For example, a retail store makes sales throughout a time period; the running total is the sum of their sales, including returns/credits, at any given point of time during that time period: day, week, month, quarter, and year.
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