DEBT SECURITY is a security representing a loan given by an investor to an issuer. In return for the loan, the issuer promises to pay interest and to repay the debt on a specified date. Debt security issuers may include corporations, municipalities, the federal government, or a federal agency. See CONVERTIBLE and CONVERTIBLE DEBT.
NONREFUNDABLE BOND is a bond issue that cannot be redeemed for a stated period of time using the proceeds from a new, lower-cost issue to finance the refunding. The bond can still be called without a refunding, but the company must use internal capital or equity funds to retire the issue. This provides some protection to the bondholder if interest rates decline significantly.
STEAMSHIP CONFERENCE is an agreement between multiple shipping companies to provide common freight rates. Some shipping lines will state that they are 'non-conference', i.e., they charge an independent and likely lower rate.
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