DEBT TO EQUITY measures the risk of the firms capital structure in terms of amounts of capital contributed by creditors and that contributed by owners. It expresses the protection provided by owners for the creditors. In addition, low Debt/Equity ratio implies ability to borrow. While using debt implies risk (required interest payments must be paid), it also introduces the potential for increased benefits to the firms owners. When debt is used successfully (operating earnings exceeding interest charges) the returns to shareholders are magnified through financial leverage. Depending on the industry, different ratios are acceptable. The company should be compared to the industry, but, generally, a 3:1 ratio is a general benchmark. Should a company have debt-to-equity ratio that exceeds this number; it will be a major impediment to obtaining additional financing. If the ratio is suspect and you find the companys working capital, and current / quick ratios drastically low, this is a sign of serious financial weakness. Formula: Total Liabilities / Stockholders Equity
STRAPS is Stated Term Rate Auction Preferred Stock; issues having a fixed dividend rate, usually for three to five years. After this period, the security becomes an auction-rate preferred and the holder can sell the stock at par on the date of the first auction. STRAPs trade like and are compared to a short-term sinking fund preferred stock.
COST SYNERGY is the savings in operating costs expected after two companies, who compliment each others strengths, join.
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