DEDUCTIVE ACCOUNTING THEORY (mathematical method) assumes that optimal accounting standards and reporting rules can be derived by deduction much in the way that Pythagoras derived the rule for measuring the hypotenuse of a triangle based upon square root of the summed squares of the other two sides (assuming one angle is a perfect 90-degree angle).

ASSETS HELD FOR SALE are those assets, primarily long-term assets, that an entity wishes to dispose of or liquidate through sale to others.

CAPITAL ADDITION is a. new (as opposed to replacement) part added to an existing non-current productive asset (e.g., equipment) used for business purposes that increases the useful life and service potential of the asset; or, b. in taxation, cost of capital improvements and betterments made to the property by a taxpayer.

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