DEDUCTIVE ACCOUNTING THEORY (mathematical method) assumes that optimal accounting standards and reporting rules can be derived by deduction much in the way that Pythagoras derived the rule for measuring the hypotenuse of a triangle based upon square root of the summed squares of the other two sides (assuming one angle is a perfect 90-degree angle).

EXPLANATORY, in accounting, is a paragraph added to an audit report to explain something, such as the reason for a qualified or adverse opinion.

CONTROL ACCOUNT is a summary account in the General Ledger that is supported by detailed individual accounts in a subsidiary ledger. See CREDITORS CONTROL ACCOUNT, DEBTORS CONTROL ACCOUNT, and STOCK CONTROL ACCOUNT.

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