DEFAULT Definition

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DEFAULT, in finance, default is what occurs when a party is unwilling or unable to pay their debt obligations. This can occur with all debt obligations including bonds, debentures, mortgages, loans, and notes. Default can also occur with sovereign bonds, that is, governments can default on their payments to creditors. In corporate finance, a default is typically a prelude to bankruptcy. With most mortgages and loans the total amount owing becomes immediately payable on the first instance of a default of payment.

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STRAPS is Stated Term Rate Auction Preferred Stock; issues having a fixed dividend rate, usually for three to five years. After this period, the security becomes an auction-rate preferred and the holder can sell the stock at par on the date of the first auction. STRAPs trade like and are com­pared to a short-term sinking fund preferred stock.

DELTA, in securities trading, is the relationship between an option price and the underlying futures contract or stock price. In general usage, it is the difference between two empirical data points, e.g. the delta between 4 and 6 is 2.

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