DEFINED CONTRIBUTION is a pension design that defines the amount of contributions, usually a percentage of salary. The benefits payable at retirement depend on factors such as future investment return and annuity rate at retirement. If a plan is registered for tax purposes, the maximum contribution amount (usually a percentage of earnings or income up to a dollar limit) is defined by tax regulations.
PENNY STOCK RULES, SEC Rule 15g-9, known as the Penny Stock Rules, is designed to prevent deceptive or manipulative practices. It provides that a broker cannot sell a Penny Stock to any person unless it has approved that person's account for penny stock transactions and the broker/dealer has received in writing from customer agreement to the transaction. Approving an account includes, among other things, reviewing the customer's financial data and determining the customer's suitability, including the capability to evaluate the risks of trading in penny stocks. Some types of transactions in penny stocks are exempt from these rules. Exempt transactions include those with an established customer (a customer of more than one year or one who has made at least three separate penny stock purchases) and transactions in which the customer is an institutional investor.
PROVISION FOR CREDIT LOSSES, in lending institutions, is a charge to income which represents an expense deemed adequate by management given the composition of a bank's credit portfolios, their probability of default, the economic environment and the allowance for credit losses already established. Specific provisions are established to reduce the book value of specific assets (primarily loans) to establish the amount expected to be recovered on the loans. See also PROVISION.
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