DEMAND DRAFT Definition

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DEMAND DRAFT, also known as sight draft, is a draft payable on demand from the date of issue, e.g. a payroll check.

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MATERIAL REQUISITION PLANNING (MRP) entire purpose is to plan for materials that are required for a particular purpose. An MRP is usually automated using transaction codes. MRP can be done for a single material item or a multilevel plan can be run for a material within a plant. MRP creates purchase requisitions, purchase orders, or planned orders for the material. This is done on the basis of the settings selected in the transactions. To take an example, a particular material item may be procured externally, in such a case; an MRP run creates requirements for that material through the respective plant from a sales document.

DEBT TO EQUITY measures the risk of the firms capital structure in terms of amounts of capital contributed by creditors and that contributed by owners. It expresses the protection provided by owners for the creditors. In addition, low Debt/Equity ratio implies ability to borrow. While using debt implies risk (required interest payments must be paid), it also introduces the potential for increased benefits to the firms owners. When debt is used successfully (operating earnings exceeding interest charges) the returns to shareholders are magnified through financial leverage. Depending on the industry, different ratios are acceptable. The company should be compared to the industry, but, generally, a 3:1 ratio is a general benchmark. Should a company have debt-to-equity ratio that exceeds this number; it will be a major impediment to obtaining additional financing. If the ratio is suspect and you find the companys working capital, and current / quick ratios drastically low, this is a sign of serious financial weakness. Formula: Total Liabilities / Stockholders Equity

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