DEPRECIATION AND AMORTIZATION is the standard line item in an income statement that sums: Depreciation, the non-cash expense of a tangible investment over time and Amortization, the non-cash expenses of an intangible investment over time.
MERCHANDISING CONCERN is an entity that derives its revenue through the provisioning of products provided or manufactured by others. See MANUFACTURING CONCERN.
NORMATIVE ACCOUNTING THEORY is where theorists tend to advocate their opinions on accounting based upon subjective opinion, deductive logic, and inductive methods. In the final analysis, nearly all standards are based upon normative theory. Generally conclude that some accounting rule is better or worse than its alternatives. Normative theorists tend to rely heavily upon anecdotal evidence (e.g., examples of fraud) that generally fails to meet tests of academic rigor. For example, the Wizard reported that Montgomery Ward would fail. However, the Wizard always reports that every company will fail or lose its self identity in a pattern of acquisitions and mergers. Eventually, he will always be correct.
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