DERIVATIVE Definition

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DERIVATIVE is a transaction or contract whose value depends on or, as the name implies, derives from the value of underlying assets such as stock, bonds, mortgages, market indices, or foreign currencies. One party with exposure to unwanted risk can pass some or all of the risk to a second party. The first party can assume a different risk from a second party, pay the second party to assume the risk, or, as is often the case, create a combination. Derivatives are normally used to control exposure or risk. See DERIVATIVE CONTRACT.

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UNFAVORABLE VARIANCE is the opposite of favorable variance. See FAVORABLE VARIANCE.

 

EXTENSION is a. In options, the expiration date. Occasionally the parties to an option contract will agree to extend the expiration to a certain date in the future; b. In taxes, the day that one must file one's return if one asked the tax agency for more time to do it. For example, in the United States the deadline to file tax returns is 15 April. If a taxpayer is unable to make this deadline, he/she may ask the IRS for an extension until 15 October. In this case, 15 October is the extension date; or, c. In an offer for bids on a contract, the date to which a deadline is lengthened. If there is either a lack of interest or no good bids on a contract, the company or government offering it may extend the deadline to allow other companies to decide whether to make a bid. This second deadline is the extension date.

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