DIRECT ATTRIBUTION is the most precise method of costing an output. It seeks to capture accurately the volume and cost of resources used by particular activities. This can be expensive unless the information is already available because it requires detailed measurement of actual costs. Such direct measurement is seldom justifiable solely to improve the accuracy of a cost system, but many institutions use this method to obtain efficiency gains and cost savings.
LOMBARD RATE is the rate at which the Bundesbank, the German central bank, lends funds to banks as short-term credit. It is normally at least one percentage point above the discount rate and is regarded as an important international indicator.
INFLATION is an increase in the general price level of goods and services; alternatively, a decrease in the purchasing power of the dollar or other currency.
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