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DIRECT JOURNAL PAYMENT is a payment that is recognized that is not included in the Accounts Receivable ledger, e.g. a double payment on a mortgage that has a monthly payment due and payable will cause a split-payment posting: one in the Accounts Receivable ledger for one half of the payment (principal and interest that is invoiced), with the other half of the payment being posted to the Long Term Loan ledger as a direct journal payment.

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INTERIM STATEMENT is a financial report covering only a portion of a fiscal year (prepared by accountants, but usually unaudited). Quarterly statements from publicly traded companies are one example of an interim statement. Interim statements are not as detailed or as exact as annual statements.

COST-TO-COST METHOD, in construction contracts, is an estimate of completion in which the state of completion is the ratio of costs incurred as of a given date divided by the estimated total project cost. See also PERCENTAGE OF COMPLETION METHOD OF ACCOUNTING.

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