DISCOUNTED CASH FLOW is a valuation method best used to evaluate a business established for the purpose of fulfilling a specific project, in certain startup and other companies where cash flow is more important than net income, and when a certain time frame is set where an investor wishes to see his investment returned over a specific period of time. In discounted cash flow, the present value of liabilities is subtracted from the combined present value of cash flow and tangible assets, which determines the value of the business.
ASSESSMENT is a. proportionate share of a shared expense; or, b. amount of tax or other levied special payment due to a governmental municipality or association.
MORTGAGE-BACKED SECURITY is a security that returns principal and interest monthly as payments are received on the underlying mortgages. Mortgage-backed securities are made up of individual home mortgages guaranteed by the government and its agencies. The mortgages are packaged into pools by the Government National Mortgage Association (GNMA), the Federal National Mortgage Association (FNMA), the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corp. (FHLMC) or a nongovernment-affiliated entity. Unscheduled repayment of principal can shorten the maturity of the bonds.
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