DISCOVERY SAMPLING Definition

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DISCOVERY SAMPLING is sampling to determine whether internal control compliance is greater than or less than the tolerable deviation rate when the expected attribute occurrence rate is zero.

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TREASURY STOCK is stock reacquired by the issuing company and available for retirement or resale. It is issued but not outstanding. It cannot be voted and it pays or accrues no dividends. It is not included in any of the ratios measuring values per common share. The presence of treasury stock/shares and a history of stock buyback are indicators that the firm has a sustainable competitive advantage.

CAPITAL BUDGET is the estimated amount planned to be expended for capital items in a given fiscal period. Capital items are fixed assets such as facilities and equipment, the cost of which is normally written off over a number of fiscal periods. The capital budget, however, is limited to the expenditures that will be made within the fiscal year comparable to the related operating budgets.

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