DISPATCH, in shipping, is the amount paid by a vessels operator to a charterer if loading or unloading is completed in less time than stipulated in the charter party.
CONSUMPTION SMOOTHING is aimed at protecting consumption patterns from the impact of shocks, and can take effect either before or after their occurrence. Post-shock responses include modifying consumption, raising income by mobilizing labor or selling assets, drawing on informal or formal sources of savings, or activating claims on informal insurance mechanisms.
VET, VETTED, VETTING is to make a careful and critical examination of someone or something, e.g. a person prior to employment.
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